Chronology of Tiramanghan



Illustration from "Voyage dans l'Afrique occidentale, comprenant l'exploration du Sénégal... exécuté en 1843 et 1844..."/ Anne Raffenel, Paris, Arthus Bertrand, 1846


Acts and feats of Tiramanghan


near 1200


Birth of Tiramaghan, first cousin supposed of Soundiata (by the sister of Nare Maghan)


near 1230


dot Since Soumaworo Kante devastated the Manding, Bandiougou called « Bandafing » ran out in Gambia where he established Banjuls.


SoumaworoFaassa(Soumaworo's panegyric)



dot Fakoli Kourouma, nephew and war-chief of Soumaworo, rejoins the Mandinka coalition under Soundjata's command.


dot Battles of Kirina and Nârena : victory of Soundjata, with the help of Fakoli, NanKoMan DjanThis song is a praising song celebrating the victory of Sundjata upon the remainder of the troops of Soumaworo Kante in Nârena (located in current Republic of Guinea) in 1235... Read more. and Tiramanghan against Soumaworo.

JanjonLegends tell that «Janjon» was (nick?) name of a sorcerer chaman like with great surnatural powers in the very early times of the Manding... Read more.,  praise song for the brave knights, devoted to Fakoli.


1235 - 1240


dot Conquest of Djolof in Serere area by Tiramakhan, warchief of Soundjata, in consequence of the insult of Djolofin Mansa (robbery of the horses).


dot Tiramanghan, triumphant victor, comes back in Manding


dot Soundjata, as a reward, gives to his general « all the areas from the Faleme river to the Ocean ».

dot Suba

dot Tira Makhan faasa



dot Beginning of the migration of Tiramanghan and his clan (near 100 000) toward West.


dot Soundjata gives his own son to Tiramanghan, Mansa Wali, in sign of friendship. Are following Tiramanghan too, Djali Sirimang, brother of Balla Fasseke, Yeedali Kante and Yamoussa (of the Soumaworo's clan)


dot Causes of the last departure of Tiramanghan are still unknown : disagreement between Soundjata ? refusal of Tiramanghan to convert to Islam, claimed official religion of the Manding.


1242 - 1247


dot Crossing of the Faleme river, entrance in the Wouli, foundation of « Kirikaara ».


dot Crossing full of incidents of the Gambia river.


dot Foundations of « Kantora », « Sonkounda » (I agree the peace), of « Kabakamma » (the quarrel), of « Niima-Taba », of « Kandja » and « Duta Diara » in the actual area of Basse (Gambia).

Composition of the epic song about the crossing of rivers by Djali Sirimang

1247 - 1249


dot War against Kikikor, last king of the Baïnouks at Mampating.

dot Coming out of the name of « N'Gabou » : after the victory of Tiramanghan on Kikikor, as his soldiers would claim to go back to Manding, their general always used to answer them : « an kaa boung folo » : « let's continue war ! »


dot Foundation of « Payonkou » in Pathiana's area.


dot Mansa Wali-Ba, king of « Payonkou ».



1249 - 1259


dot Tiramanghan stays 7 years at « Pirada » then 3 years in the Sama where he establishes « Madina ».



1260 - 1261


dot Foundation of « Chanya Mansa Kounda », of « Berekolong » (mythical place of the creation of the kora), of « Manjang-Kounda » and « Nemataba ».

Mythic creation of the kora at Berekolon



dot Foundation of « Pating-Chibo », « Pating-Kamamboure » and « Koly Kounda » (among the Balantes).



1263 - 1266


dot Foundation of « Korob », of « Koory Numu Kounda », of « Ba-sansango » [Basang] (stronghold near the river), of « Douma Sasango » of « Jalaba Djeri ».


dot Tiramanghan leaves Gambia to reach Serere's country. Accompagnied by a Sarakolle general, Lamine Sylla, Tiramanghan establishes him as a leader at N'dar (Saint-Louis).


dot At Sotuma, feeling his death, Tiramanghan shares the country between his sons (Muge Musa and Muge Dantuman), lieutenants and all the Malinke clans who followed him in his expedition toward the West.


dot Tiramanghan goes back to Mampating and dies near the river. His body is burried at Basse, according to his last wills, and his tomb becomes object of veneration in all the Manding.


Synthesis of NIANE TAMSIR Djibril, Histoire des Mandingues de l'Ouest, pp. 18- 26 [Bibliography]



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